ISSN: 0970-938X (Print) | 0976-1683 (Electronic)

Biomedical Research

An International Journal of Medical Sciences


The root of ageing lies in telomere: A review article

Telomeres play a vital position in cellular destiny and developing antique with the resource of adjusting the cellular reaction to stress and increase stimulation on the idea of previous cell divisions and DNA damage. As a minimum, a few hundred nucleotides of telomere repeats want to "cap" every chromosome cease to avoid activation of DNA restore pathways. Repair of significantly brief or "uncapped" telomeres by telomerase or recombination restricted in maximum somatic cells and apoptosis, or cellular senescence delivered on when too many "uncapped" telomeres collect. The hazard of the latter will increase due to the fact the expected telomere duration decreases. The standard telomere period is ready and maintained in cells of the germline, which naturally explicit excessive levels of telomerase in the destiny hobby clearly may focus at the genome, and with more appreciation of its importance as a rather sensitive organ of the cell, monitoring genomic sports activities and correcting commonplace mistakes, sensing the uncommon and surprising events, and responding to them, frequently with the aid of the usage of restructuring the genome.

Author(s): Ryan Zia Arslaan, Sumeet Sharma
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