Objective: Discuss the preventive effects of family-centered maternity care nursing on puerperal depression of delivery women during puerperal period and relieve burden of natural delivery women and decrease the possibility of delivery women’s postpartum depression.
Methods: 120 natural delivery women in the obstetrics of Yuhuangding Hospital from July 2015 to 2016 were randomly divided into two groups: the control group (n=60) was endowed with the conventional nursing. Delivery women accepted examination of prepartum, instruction of delivery, and conventional nursing of puerperium. The experimental group (n=60) accepted the family-centered maternity care nursing based on the control group. There was no statistical significance on age, cycle of gestation, education level, personal incomes and frequency of gestation (P>0.05) in both group, showing comparability. Before nursing and after one month of postpartum, Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Edinburgh Postpartum Depression (EPDS) were applied to do effect evaluation. Incidence of puerperal depression of delivery women in both groups were observed and compared.
Results: By making a comparison on SAS and EPDS between two groups, there was no statistical significance at pre-care nursing in both groups, but scores after birthplace in both groups were slightly reduced by comparing with pre-care nursing. Moreover, significance of the experimental group was less than the control group (P<0.05). The depression rate in the control group was up to 53%, while the experimental group was only 37%. The number of the depression in the experimental group was obviously less than the control group. The difference between them had statistical significance (χ2=9.6, P<0.05).
Conclusions: Family-centered maternity care nursing has the important role on relieving puerperal depression and improving life quality of delivery women, thus delivery women will pass through delivery period and puerperium without pressure.Author(s): Hongxia Cheng, Li Yu, Ping Wang, Xizhen Jia, Wenqing Kong