ISSN: 0970-938X (Print) | 0976-1683 (Electronic)
An International Journal of Medical Sciences
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of comprehensive nursing intervention on the quality of life and prognosis of patients with smear-positive tuberculosis.
Method: A total of 80 patients with smear-positive tuberculosis who were previously admitted to our hospital over the period of from January 2015 to October 2015 were recruited and randomly divided into the control and experimental groups. The control group received conventional nursing intervention, whereas the experimental group received comprehensive nursing intervention. The effects of nursing intervention on the quality of life and prognosis of the patients in the two groups were compared.
Results: The mini-mental state examination scores (28.92 ± 6.04), mental function scores (65.8 ± 9.2), and social function scores (57.2 ± 6.5) of the patients in the experimental group were significantly higher (P<0.05) than those of the patients in the control group. However, the activities of daily living scores (38.04 ± 3.02) of the experimental group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P<0.05). After nursing intervention, the experimental group had significantly better arterial blood gases indexes, including PaO2 (72.39 ± 2.72), PaCO2 (36.23 ± 3.85), and SpO2 (94.36 ± 3.28), than the control group. The incidence of complications and recurrence rate of the experimental group are 7.5% and 10%, respectively, and are significantly lower (P<0.05) than those of the control group (17.5% and 15%; P<0.05).
Conclusions: Comprehensive nursing intervention provides an ideal treatment effect to patients with smear-positive tuberculosis. It can improve the living quality and prognosis of patients and is thus worthy of wide application.Author(s): Yan-Yan Liu, Hong-Mei Zhao, Zhao-Xia Zhang