Object: Research the effect of parental presence to perioperative anxiety of Chinese children and their parents.
Method: 172 four to six years old children who suffered facial trauma and accepted debridement and soft tissue reconstruction with local anesthesia and their parents were randomly divided into two groups. There were 88 children and their parents in research group and the patents in this group were allowed to present in operating room and to use their conventional methods of psychological intervention to relax their children. There were 84 children and their parents in control group and the parents in this group were not allowed presence in operating room. Visual analogue scale for anxiety was adopted to quantify the perioperative anxiety level of the children and their parents.
Result: The preoperative and postoperative anxiety of children in research group was statistically lower than that of control group. There was not statistical significance in preoperative anxiety of parents between the research group and the control group. The postoperative anxiety of parents in research group was statistically lower than that of control group.
Conclusion: Children can be benefit from allowing parental presence in operating room and allowing parents to adopt their conventional method of psychological intervention to relax their children. Parental presence can reduce postoperative anxiety of parents.