Objective: To explore the relationship among the age, blood pressure and psychological factors and provide theoretical basis for hypertension by comprehensive evaluation method.
Method: The 956 hypertension patients were grouped according to different blood pressure level, which were from the Department of Cardiology in a first class Grade A Hospital in Beijing. We measured their blood pressure index, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), self-rating anxiety scale and self-rating depression scale. The physical and psychological characteristics were observed at different levels in patients with hypertension.
Results: 1) There is statistical significance in BAI score among different hypertension degree groups, F=18.437, P=0.0001; 2) There is statistical significance in BDI score among different hypertension degree groups, F=18.437, P=0.0001; 3) There is statistical significance in N score among different age groups, F=16.541, P=0.0001; 4) According to results, the first level was the best treatment range for hypertension.
Conclusion: 1) If the hypertension level is higher, the psychological symptoms will be more severe. The psychological symptoms will not be obvious unless the hyper-tensing level is over grade 2. We considered that the first level is the best stage for treating the hypertension; 2) For the hypertension patients in this research, the risk factors of anxiety and depression are systolic blood pressure and N norm. Reducing systolic blood pressure and improving emotional stability can relieve their anxiety and depression.