Objective: To improve the quality of clinical treatment by investigating the risk factors and explore prevention countermeasures of nosocomial infection in hospitalized children.
Methods: From February 2015 to April 2017, a total of 1526 hospitalized kids enrolled in the Pediatrics Center of our hospital were selected as the objects. The clinical data, admission situation and treatment status of children with nosocomial infection were analysed, the risk factors of nosocomial infection in hospitalized children were studied through single factor analysis and multivariate logistic analysis followed by the discussion on the prevention and control measures.
Results: There were 54 cases of nosocomial infection in 1526 children with the infection rate as 3.53%. The results of single factor analysis and multivariate logistic analysis showed that the independent risk factors of nosocomial infection included the kid’s age under 3 y old, poor nutrition, suffering from infection at admission, hospitalization time over 5 d, the type of used anti-infective agents more than 3, hormone use and invasive operation.
Conclusion: There are many risk factors of nosocomial infection in hospitalized children, which requires strengthening monitor, including the development of various effective prevention measures and check of their implementation as well as effectiveness, to reduce the incidence of hospital infection.Author(s): Xiuzhen Zhao, Li Feng, Ju Wang, Hui Zhao, Sumin Zhao