Objective: This study aims to discuss clinical improvement of nursing intervention in swallowing dysfunction of elderly stroke patients.
Methods: A total of 120 elderly stroke patients with swallowing dysfunction admitted in our hospital from February 2016 to September 2017 were chosen and randomly divided into control (n=60) and intervention groups (n=60). The control group was provided with conventional nursing service, and the intervention group was provided with nursing intervention. Improvements of swallowing dysfunction, living quality, pulmonary infection, and nursing satisfaction were compared between the two groups.
Results: The total efficiencies in improving swallowing dysfunction are 96.67% and 83.33% for the intervention and control groups, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The scores of physical functions, psychological functions, social functions, and material life are higher in the intervention group than those in the control group (P<0.05). The pulmonary infection rate in the intervention group (1.67%) is also lower than that in the control group (11.67%, P<0.05). Nursing satisfaction was significantly different between the two groups (P<0.05). The scores of nursing satisfaction are 98.33% and 88.33% in the control and intervention groups, respectively.
Conclusions: Nursing intervention exerts a significant clinical effect on improving swallowing dysfunction of elderly stroke patients. Such intervention can also improve the living quality and nursing satisfaction of the patients and reduce pulmonary infection rate. Hence, nursing intervention is worthy of clinical research and promotion.