Objective: Investigated the effect of comprehensive nursing intervention on the prevention of pulmonary infection in severe patients in department of neurosurgery.
Methods: Randomly divided 89 patients with neurosurgical intensive cases admitted in our hospital from April 2014 to September 2016 into two groups, 43 patients in the control group underwent routine neurosurgical care, and 46 cases in the observation group underwent comprehensive nursing intervention. Compared the Barthel index score, tracheotomy time, the length of ICU stay and hospital stay between the two groups before and after nursing care, and observed the lung infection and satisfaction.
Results: There was no significant difference in daily living ability and Barthel index score between the two groups (P>0.05), which were significantly improved after treatment. And the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05), the incidence of lung infection, aspiration, expectoration and hypoxemia in the observation group were lower than those in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). In addition, the overall satisfaction of the observation group was 95.65%, which was higher than that of the control group (79.07%), and the difference was significant (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Comprehensive nursing intervention on the prevention of pulmonary infection in severe patients in department of neurosurgery can not only promote the recovery of patients, but also can effectively prevent complications such as lung infection, improve living ability.